Planning mistakes to avoid for people with reduced mobility
For a daily comfort of life, whatever the handicap, the accommodation must adapt to the person and not vice versa. Here are a few tips for the best interior design and maximum autonomy.
Switches, intercoms, telephones, doorbells must be at arm height between 75 and 80 cm maximum. This height is also to be observed for the handles of doors and those of windows.
Circulation in the rooms
The organization of the rooms is essential for simplified mobility and circulation. Whatever the room, the space must allow the disabled person to move between the furniture, to access objects, and appliances without the help of a third person and without danger. The width of the doors should be at least 80 cm, ideally 90 cm where possible. In the case of a person in a wheelchair, a passage of 90 cm wide is necessary for moving in a straight line. But to make rotations this width must be increased by 30 cm on at least one side to allow the person to make a U-turn. Also equip the accommodation with a stairlift seat in the case of a duplex apartment or a two-story house.
Autonomy in every everyday gesture
Bathroom : Showers and baths must be fitted with help bars fixed to the wall or even a pull handle placed on the ceiling to allow the person to lift themselves. When possible, favor walk-in showers without elevation. The sinks must have a shallow depth in order to easily access the taps and not be crowded underneath for maximum and comfortable projection. WC: Provide 80 cm of free space for your toilet next to the toilet. A help bar fixed to the wall about 50 cm from the ground will facilitate autonomy. Decentralize the flush by placing it against the wall and within easy reach. Kitchen: Oven and hob require a frontal approach, so an empty space below so that the person can get as close as possible. Braille signals or tactile markings for visual handicaps, visual alarms for hearing disorders are also to be provided to facilitate the use of the devices and minimize any risk of burns.