Borage is a herbaceous plant of the borraginaceae family. Native to Mediterranean regions (Europe and North Africa), officinal borage is the most widespread in our regions. It is an aromatic plant which can be used in the vegetable patch as in the garden. It is medium in size, we recognize it thanks to the borage flower of a deep blue in the shape of a pointed star, and with its black stamens which emerge from the corolla. Its evergreen foliage with hairy stems is formed of large oval leaves which form a rosette and whose size decreases towards the top of the stem. There are also other decorative species with white flowers.
Very decorative in bed or to compose a wild garden, the borage seeds are planted in spring. They can be sown in March or placed directly in the ground in April. Favor a calcareous soil recognizable by a clear and chalky earth containing numerous pebbles on the surface. Borage also appreciates the sun and needs space to develop, which is why it is necessary to lighten the feet by spacing them about 40 cm.
Borage maintenance and harvesting
Borage is a rustic and undemanding plant. It multiplies easily and can even become invasive if you are not careful! Grown in pots or planters, it should be well watered in case of high temperatures. Flowers and leaves can be harvested from June.
Uses of borage
On the edge of a vegetable patch, this honey plant contributes to a better harvest by attracting foraging insects such as bees. In the kitchen, borage has excellent surprises in store. Its freshly picked flowers and leaves decorate your salads, raw vegetables or sauces and can even be cooked and combined with a soup. They also allow you to make cold drinks and infusions with many medicinal properties. Decoctions of borage flowers and leaves have in particular expectorant and diuretic actions while the contact of its leaf with a wound accelerates the healing process.